Surrogacy By Country

A key question for many is where to access surrogacy. If it is legal in your country and you can afford it and can locate a suitable surrogate, surrogacy in your home country is the ideal option. (see Countries Allowing Surrogacy)

Before choosing a destination, find out

  1. What legal protections if any does the jurisdiction offer to intended parents and surrogates?
  2. Is transfer of legal parentage available in the jurisdiction in question?
  3. What are the eligibility criteria for surrogacy (Do you need to be a citzen of that country? Is it available to single men? Gay couples? Unmarried heterosexual couples?)
  4. How long are the exit requirements post birth?
  5. Is surrogate compensation allowed?
  6. Is Health insurance available for the surrogate and any post birth complications?
  7. Are contracts legally enforceable?
  8. What Neo-Natal Intensive Care Facilities are available?
  9. What do these cost?
  10. Can the intended parent(s) be present at the birth?

Regulatory Issues which may be relevant

  1. Is there a Medical Registry for updating the medical history of the surrogates or the children?
  2. Is there a registry for the surrogate and children to exchange information when the child reaches maturity?

The table below lists issues related to surrogacy in various countries which allow it.

Country Limitations Egg Donors
AUSTRALIA Altruistic surrogacy only available. No donor or surrogate matching available. Advertising for surrogates not legalAll donors must be identified

Ethics committee approval often required

Foreigners cannot access surrogacy in Australia

User groups such as can provide
CAMBODIA  Only one IVF clinic which has been operational only 10 months

Absence of laws pertaining to surrogacy No laws protecting the rights of surrogates or intended parents

Few IVF physicians. Limited capacity

Surrogates can only be recruited by word-of-mouth

Some in-country egg donors available
CANADA Altruistic surrogacy only available.Foreigners can access surrogacy
CYPRUS Clinics are not legally able to provide surrogates. Instead you must work with a third party who provides is recommended

For Gay couples and singles, legal protection of parentage is only available using a US or EU surrogate

primarily young University students from differing ethnicities. Proven donors are available.In-country donors are anonymous, hence no donor photos are available

Fly-in donors are available

CYPRUS-USA Flying US surrogate to Cyprus for Embryo transfer, gestation & birth in USA.IVF costs significantly reduced. Advantageous for EU IPs not wishing to travel to the US for IVF & American IP’s wanting to lower IVF costs broad range of egg donors, primarily International University students. Also has proven donors available. Donor sperm available from the Danish Cryo Bank
GREECE Surrogate cannot be compensated beyond out-of-pocket expenses you may bring your own donor if preferred Eggs/embryos/sperm are able to be shipped directly from your registered clinic.
INDIA Only heterosexual couples married for >2 years Your home country must permit surrogacy. IPs cannot be present for delivery Surrogate breast milk generally unavailable. Expressed milk may be available on negotiation gender selection unavailable. Scans during pregnancy will not reveal sex In-country donors are anonymous however donor photos may be available other details provided: age, height, weight, previous donation history, children, blood group, education level/ occupation

Infectious diseases Screening

embryo genetic testing available upon request

Fly-in Caucasian, Latin, Black and Asian donors are available

MEXICO Increasingly popular Surrogate birth only legal in Tabasco state (Villahermosa)

Embryo transfer occurs in Cancun or Mexico City often

Caucasian and Latin Sperm and Egg Donors available. Possible to bring your own surrogate and /or known waiting list
NEPAL Increasingly popular. Only non-Nepalese can be surrogates, so all surrogates relocate from India

Currently > 8 offshore agencies working with 3-4 locally-based embryologists and IVF specialists.

Indian or other egg donors available
POLAND Surrogacy IVF cycles take place in India, so both you and the surrogate travel there for the transfer unknown
THAILAND No longer available to foreigners
UK Altruistic surrogacy only available. Advertising for surrogates not legal foreigners cannot access surrogacy in UK
UKRAINE/ GEORGIA Only heterosexual married couples Caucasian, offer photos with family history, occupation/ area of study, previous donor history and physical details.
USA Foreigners can access surrogacy here see surrogacy laws by US state Very wide range available from donor agencies or privately


Country Approx Costs($US) Donor & Surrogate screening Years Experience Legal Issues
Surrogacy: $22,000
Donor screening offered only if through an egg bank <5 years Transfer of legal parentage available 4-6 months post birth if uncompensated surrogacy used domestically.
CAMBODIA $45,000 Donor screening offered only if through an egg bank <6 months No laws pertaining to surrogacy
CANADA $90,000 >15 years
UK offers a forum for meeting potential surrogates and facilities agreements >15 years Transfer of legal parentage available
USA IVF costs: $18,000
Surrogacy: $68,000
Other costs: $20,000
Varies by agency 30 years Parents names on the BC as mother and father
CYPRUS-USA Unknown Surrogate screening done by US agency ? Parents names on the BC as mother and father
INDIA IVF: $2,000 +
Surrogacy: $22,500 +
Indian egg donor: add $4,000
Fly-in donor: add $14,000+
surrogates screened for infectious diseases; must have at least one child of their own, with a problem
free pregnancy
8 years Parents names on the BC as mother and father indian surrogates cannot be named as the mother
NEPAL $35,000 – $45,000 As for India 15 months Parents names on the Nepali BC as mother and father
Surrogacy: $26,000 +
Local egg donor
add $5,000 +
according to age, genetics and lifestyle, mental and physical health ~5 years Intended Parents named on birth certificate to meet the criteria of countries such as the UK, single surrogates are available and DNA testing is available
POLAND IVF: $10,850
Surrogacy: $35,800 +
Known egg donor add $8,200 +
unknown ? Surrogate & biological father listed on birth certificate
GREECE IVF: $5,100
Surrogacy: $34,000 +
Local egg donor: add $1,360 +
Fly-in donor: add $12,200+
EU surrogate: add $28 500+
? Recently opened up to foreigners
Surrogate & biological father listed on birth certificate
MEXICO $39,000 (incl US egg donor) unknown <1 year
CYPRUS IVF : $3050 +
IVF + Egg Donor: $6,100 +
Surrogacy: $32,500
Fly-In Donor: add $5,430
EU surrogate: add $21,700+
US surrogate: add $62,000
<4 years Surrogate & biological father listed on birth certificate